EPR (EXTENDED PRODUCER RESPONSIBILITY) FOR BATTERY WASTE MANAGEMENT

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EPR (EXTENDED PRODUCER RESPONSIBILITY) FOR BATTERY WASTE MANAGEMENT

INTRODUCTION

As our country develops the required rate of batteries in various field has also increased. According to some sources there is an average increase of 3% to 5% in the battery waste in India. With the rate there is an increase in the percentage of battery waste it does not seem very dangerous to a normal person but this small increase is responsible for the increase in tonnes of battery waste in the country. Battey waste consist of various components and all those components are hazardous to both human and environment so our basic focus should be on managing the waste and reducing its use.

To ensure the safety of environment the MoEFCC (Ministry of environment, forests, and Climate Control) released a gazette in 2022 which states that the producers of batteries are responsible for the collection and recycling/refurbishment of the waste batteries and the use of recovered materials from waste into new batteries. Rules prohibit disposal in landfills and incineration. This rule was brought because of the need to reduce the waste produced by batteries as its effect are more contagious than plastic and e waste.
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THE PROBLEMS WITH BATTERY WASTE

Battery waste is increasing at a significant rate as a country we develop the use of battery-operated products is becoming a priority thus the rate of battery waste generates also increase. The battery waste generated have various problems also these problems as we can say are worse than the waste generated by plastic and e waste. Problems with the battery waste are

RAPID GROWTH

In the last few years, we saw a significant increase in the use of EV cars around. Bringing EV cars into consideration is a very great initiative by the government as it reduces the fossils consumption and do not cause greenhouse effect as compared to regular car but with this, we can say that there is a corresponding increase in the number of end-of-life batteries in the market which are needed to be managed properly

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT

Improper disposal of the batteries can lead to some dangerous impact to the environment. The extraction of various metal to produce new batteries such as lithium, cobalt and nickel contribute to the habitat destruction and pollution. Extracting these metals causes damage to the soil fertility etc.

LIMITED RECYCLING INFRASTRUCTURE

Currently, the infrastructure for recycling electric vehicle batteries is limited compared to the growing demand. Under this condition the requirement of proper battery waste recycling centre are very important to keep a control check on end-to -life products. Till then the control over the battery waste management is a very crucial concept.

NON STANDARIZATION

The lack of standardization in this field is big issue for the companies for the management of batteries. Standardization would facilitate the development of efficient and scalable recycling solutions that can handle batteries from different manufacturers and chemistries.

WHY IT IS REQUIRED

With every solution to a problem, we all look forward why it is required. When the CPCB (Central Pollution Control Board) brought Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) for the battery management there were several advantages to it. to know its advantages, we must know why we require it.

ENVIRONMENT CONSERVATION

Batteries that are used in all EV cars and all other electronics are made up of different hazardous materials such as lithium, cadmium, and mercury. When these things are not properly disposed by the recycling unit. The chemical in this enters the soil and mix up the natural components of the soil. These then causes damage to both humans, wildlife, and the atmosphere..

CONSERVATION

Batteries are made up of various useful metals which can be extracted through proper recycling for example lithium, nickel, these metals can again be used for making new batteries thus it helps in reducing the process of mining for fresh extraction of these metals. Thus, it helps in conserving the resources.

WASTE REDUCTION

One of the major requirements of battery waste management or any waste management is that it helps to reduce the amount of waste in the society. By the decrease in the battery waste the scope of nature replenishment is a major benefit. This reduces the risk of hazards caused by battery waste.

HOW TO GET EPR AUTHORISATION

The Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) certification is essential for a range of stakeholders, particularly those involved in the manufacture, sale, and usage of energy-consuming products. Here is who should get a BEE certification:

WHO SHOULD GET AN EPR (Extended Producer Responsibility)

Knowing how to get an EPR (Extended Producer Responsibility) who should get an EPR. The EPR (Extended Producer Responsibility) entrust the battery management with the PIBOs (producers’ importers & brand owners) those are responsible for the sale of battery in the market and it is their responsibility to manage the waste brought by them.

PRODUCERS

Any entity or a company who manufactures any kind of battery and sell it to the market must apply for EPR (Extended Producer Responsibility).

IMPORTERS

Any entity or a company who imports battery for sale in the country must apply for an EPR (Extended Producer Responsibility) for battery waste management.

BRANDOWNERS

Any company or an entity who sells any kind of battery available in market under the name of a specific brand for their sale must apply for an EPR (Extended Producer Responsibility).

TYPES OF BATTERY AVAILABLE

Batteries are nowadays considered to be the most important product in all kind of industry. Form mobiles to automobiles battery are used in every product present. Batteries are available in various size and shape with different type of components present in it and some of them are explained as under.

PRIMARY BATTERY

Primary batteries are non-rechargeable disposable batteries. When the battery used is fully drained it is considered waste and can be called as end-of-life. They consist of the chemical inside it that gets consumed with time and use and once it is fully drained, you need to dispose of it.

      • TYPES OF PRIMARY BATTERY
            1. ALKALINE BATTERIES
            2. ALUMINIUM-AIR BATTERIES
            3. DRY CELL

BATTERY POWER DENSITY COMPARISION TABLE

Battery TypeEnergy Density (Wh/kg)Life CycleToxicity
Li-Ion126-190500-1,000Low
Ni-Cd45-801000High
Ni-MH100300-500Low
Li-ion polymer185300 – 500Low
Lead Acid30-50200-300High
Lithium–Sulphur5550-100Non- Toxic

SECONDARY BATTERY

Secondary batteries are those batteries which are re-useable. We can recharge those batteries and can use as much as we can. These types of batteries are usually present in phone, cars, automobiles, and portable goods. After looking into the condition of battery waste we generate we can say that we are in a need of more secondary batteries as compared to primary batteries as the time for these products to considered as end-of-life products is much more than those single use batteries.

      • TYPES OF SECONDARY BATTERY
            1. LI-ION BATTERIES
            2. LO-PO BATTERIES
            3. NI-BH BATTERIES
            4. LED-ACID BATTERIES

ROLE OF PIBOs UNDER EPR (Extended Producer Responsibility)

Under the authorisation of EPR (Extended Producer Responsibility) the companies are request to consider some more duties as a part of their company’s function by PIBOs (producers’ importers & brand owners) so that the business must work smoothly.

PROMOTION

The company under EPR (Extended Producer Responsibility) are requested to aware the small business about the concept of battery waste management. So that they should also focus with the concept of waste management and help in environment protection.

CERTIFICATES

Register companies under EPR (Extended Producer Responsibility) must have all the certificates provided to them by the CPCB (Central Pollution Control Board) and should have a soft copy of all the documents provided to them.

LABELING

The next role of PIBOs (Producers, Importers, and Brand Owners) is they must label all the waste generated or collected by them with the proper way to recycling the waste.

COLLECTION

The companies must collect the end-of-life products from the market which means those products are at the end of their lifecycle and no further usefulness to it. Those products that have no updates to it must be collected by the companies and should be properly managed.

DIRECTING

One of the roles of the companies registered under EPR (Extended Producer Responsibility) is that they must direct the waste for example they have to direct either the waste is to be send to recycling, refurbishing, treatment, storage, or disposal facilities all this direction must be provided for the waste managing team

EPR TARGETS.

The company under EPR (Extended Producer Responsibility) must fulfil their EPR targets provided to them after submission of EPR on a yearly basis so that they do not have to face penalty.

ANNUAL RETURNS

The companies under EPR (Extended Producer Responsibility) must have a proper receipt to the annual returns filled by him.

DOCUMENTS REQUIRED FOR EPR (Extended Producer Responsibility) AUTHORISATION

To register for EPR (Extended Producer Responsibility) a company must provide with some important documents

PAN, GST, CIN

PAN (Permanent account number), GST (Goods and Services Tax), CIN (Certificate Of Incorporation) must be provided of the authorised company.

AADHAR / PAN OF AUTHORIZED PERSON

Aadhar card and Pan card of the authorized signatory

IEC CERTIFICATE

IEC (Import and Export Code) of the applicant importer

DIC REGISTRATION

DIC (District industries Centre) if the company is register to DIC they must upload the Documents to the CPCB (Central Pollution Control Board) portal.

CONSENT ISSUED BY SPCB/PCC

Before establishing their factory, the applicant must apply for the CFE (Consent for Establishment) from SPCB (State Pollution Control Board) with all relevant documents.

COVER LETTERS

A cover letter for industry has four sections – An “Introduction”, The “Sell”, “Motivation”, and the “Close”. It is one of the most important documents to be held by the authorized company.

COMPOSITION DETAILS

Company is required to provide with the document regarding the composition of the battery which include producer type, battery name, battery type and brand name.

PROCESS OR STEPS FOR EPR FOR BATTERY WASTE MANAGEMENT REGISTRATION

The process for a successful EPR (Extended Producer Responsibility) authorisation, the company can collectively apply through a channel partner PRO (Producers Responsibility organization) or they can individually apply for the EPR (Extended Producer Responsibility) for e-waste management.

DOCUMENTATION

According to rules the Company should maintain a copy of all the necessary documents required for registration on hand in the form of soft copy like pdf, jpg, or png before they submit the application.

LOGIN CREDENTIALS

The process of application begins with the self-registration on the centralized portal provided to obtain the required login credentials. The authorized company is provided with user id and a password so that they can use it in future time.

APPLICATION FEES

After the submission of the required document the applicant is left with the submission of the application fees. A gateway is generated at the end where the applicant is required to pay the fees online through various methods. The application fees are variable as it depends upon the category of the batteries produced by the company.

APPLICATION PROCESSING

The application submitted by the PIBOs (producers’ importers & brand owners) is then transferred to the CPCB (Central Pollution Control Board). if the application is needed to be sent to the SPCB/PCC it is done on the same site if they operate in one or two states then it is transferred to CPCB (Central Pollution Control Board) for approval.

GRANT OF EPR

After the successful registration of the application, it takes about 15 days by the authorized personal to process it. If the application submitted by the applicant is incorrect the registration must be denied. If the information is correct the PIBOs (producers’ importers & brand owners) will be provided by the EPR (Extended Producer Responsibility) registration certificate from CPCB/SPCB/PCC.