WPC (WIRELESS PLANNING AND COORDINATION)

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WPC (WIRELESS PLANNING AND COORDINATION)

INTRODUCTION

WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) are considered as the wing of the ministry of communication, created in the year 1952, is known as the national radio regulatory authority responsible for frequency spectrum and management. Including licensing and cater needs of all the wireless products users (government and private) sector in the country. It exercises the statutory function of the central government by keeping operation of the process of issuing license to establish, maintain and operate wireless station. WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) is divided into three major sections such as LR (Licensing and Regulation), NTG (New Technology Group) and SACFA (Standing Advisory Committee on Radio Frequency Allocation).SACFA(Standing Advisory Committee on Radio frequency allocation) makes recommendation on major formulation of the frequency allocation plan making various recommendations on the various issues faced  by various wireless users, siting clearances of all wireless installations in the country etc.
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SCOPE OF WPC (WIRELESS PLANNING AND COORDINATION)

The Wireless Planning and Coordination (WPC), operating under the Ministry of Communications, plays a critical role in managing and regulating the radio frequency in the country. The scope of WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) is discussed as under: –

SPECTRUM MANAGEMENT

WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) is majorly responsible for the various allocation of all the frequency bands to help the various services such as broadcasting, telecommunication, and defence. WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) issues the licence for wireless equipment and all the major services which include mobile networks, satellite communication, and amateur radio operations. WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) also focus on making coordination with international bodies to manage all the cross- border frequency usage and to avoid interference.

REGULATORY FRAMEWORK

WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) focuses on developing policies and various regulation to ensure efficient use of the various spectrum and make compliances with the international standards. WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) make sure that the wireless equipment conforms to the specified technical standards and various regulation.

MONITORING

WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) must continuously monitor the spectrum to detect the unauthorized usage and interference from external source. If someone is detected the WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) take corrective actions against unauthorized usage and ensuring adherence to the licensing conditions.

INTERNATIONAL COORDINATION

WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) is working to represent India in ITU (International Telecommunication Union) and their work is to participate in the global discussion on spectrum management. In case of some problems with the neighbouring countries the WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) collabs with the neighbouring countries to resolve spectrum, interference issues and harmonize spectrum usage.

RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) also supports the nation in researching and development activities in the field of wireless technologies. WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) along with research and development focuses on future goals by planning various future spectrum needs considering technologies such as 6G, IoT (Internet of Thing), and beyond.

TRAINING AND CAPACITY BUILDING

WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) organises various training programs for officials and the stakeholder to enhance there understanding toward the spectrum management and the related technologies. The WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) organises workshops and seminars for the knowledge regarding the advancements and challenges in wireless communication.

ADVANTAGES OF WPC (WIRELESS PLANNING AND COORDINATION)

The Wireless Planning and Coordination (WPC) wing offers several advantages that contribute significantly to the effective management. Some of the primary examples are as follows: –

EFFICIENT UTILIZATION

WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) make sures that the spectrum is allocated and assigned efficiently, avoiding congestion, and minimizing interference. By various methods of managing spectrum effectively, WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) helps to increase the usage to maximum in various sector among which basic sectors are telecommunication, broadcasting, and defence.

COMPLIANCE AND STANDARDIZATION

WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) sets and enforces all the required technical standards and regulatory frameworks, ensuring consistency and compliance across all the wireless communication. WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) ensures compliances with the international regulations and works to standardize global interoperability and coordination.

ENHANCED CONNECTIVITY

WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) provides effective spectrum management that leads to a better quality and reliability of wireless services such as mobile networks, broadband, satellite communication etc. WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) also supports the expansion of wireless network, including the deployment of various advanced technologies such as 4G, 5G, and IoT (Internet of Thing).

ECONOMIC GROWTH

WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) allocates spectrum for various technologies, WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) fosters brought various innovation and development in the various telecom sector such as mobile phones etc. with the growth of these wireless services and the market it contributes to economic development and job creation for all kind of people.

SECURITY AND DEFENCE

WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) are responsible for the security protocols. WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) makes sure that the critical frequency bands are reserved and protected for defence and various emergency services and thus enhancing national security. WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) process in monitoring and enforcement prevent all unauthorized usage and interference ensuring secure communications.

CONSUMER BENEFITS

BEE (Bureau of Energy Efficiency) conducts various programs and workshops building capacity among the stakeholders, including industries government agencies etc. So that they can motivate them and make them practice more toward energy efficient techniques whereas we talk about the awareness more and more campaigns must be done so that the rather than the companies the people or consumers must also know the concept of energy conservation.

INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) ensures that their role in international forums like the ITU ensures that India’s spectrum management practices are all done in harmony with global standards, facilitating all the international cooperations among them. WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) also helps in resolving all the cross-border frequency interference issues, promoting smoother international communications.

TRAINING

WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) organises various training programs and capacity building initiatives ensures that there is a skilled workforce capable of managing and utilizing the spectrum effectively. Workshops and seminars organised by the WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) helps in disseminate knowledge and best practice among all the stakeholders and enhancing the overall spectrum management.

WPC (WIRELESS PLANNING AND COORDINATION) – ETA (EQUIPMENT TYPE APPROVAL)

INTRODUCTION
The ETA (Equipment Type Approval) is a crucial aspect of WPC (Wireless planning and coordination). ETA (Equipment Type Approval) operates under the Dot (Department of Telecommunication) in India. The ETA (Equipment Type Approval) process involves certifying wireless and telecommunication equipment is for their compliances with the required Indian standards. ETA (Equipment Type Approval) certification is issued by the WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) for the wireless and telecommunication equipment that operates in license- exempt frequency bands. This certification ensures that the equipment meets the specified technical standards and sure does not cause harmful interference to other users of the spectrum.

ADVANTAGES OF ETA (EQUIPMENT TYPE APPROVAL)

MARKET ACCESS

ETA (Equipment Type Approval) certificate enables the manufacturers and importers to legally sell and distributes wireless equipment is in the Indian market. ETA (Equipment Type Approval) certificate also facilitates the market entry for the new and innovative wireless products for the benefits of the consumers

INTERFERENCE MANAGEMENT

ETA (Equipment Type Approval) certificate makes sure that all the equipment that are approved works within the designated frequency bands without causing interference to other devices and services. ETA (Equipment Type Approval) certificate also protects the integrity of the spectrum and ensures the reliable communication.

CONSUMER SAFETY

ETA (Equipment Type Approval) certificate helps to guarantees that the wireless equipment meets the safety and performance standards, ensuring reliable and safe usage for the consumers. This certificate enhances consumers confidence in wireless products available in the market.

REGULATORY COMPLIANCE

ETA (Equipment Type Approval) certificate helps in maintaining the national and international regulatory compliance, fostering a well- regulated and a well organised wireless ecosystem. ETA (Equipment Type Approval) certificate aligns with the global standards, facilitating international trade and interoperability.

WHO SHOULD GET AN ETA (EQUIPMENT TYPE APPROVAL) CERTIFICATE

The Equipment Type Approval (ETA) certificate can be obtained by manufacturers, importers, and authorized representatives of wireless and telecommunication equipment. Here is the breakdown of the entities to apply for ETA (Equipment Type Approval) certificate

MANUFACTURERS

Companies that manufacture and design the wireless equipment within the India can apply for the ETA (Equipment Type Approval) certificate to ensure that the products must comply with the Indian technical standards and regulations. The companies which are established over the seas and manufacture wireless equipment can also apply for ETA (Equipment Type Approval) certificate if they intend to market and sell their products in India.

IMPORTERS

Those companies or the individual who import wireless and telecommunication equipment into India for resale and the distribution purpose must obtain ETA certification to ensure that the products imported must meet the required Indian standards. The importer is responsible for ensuring that the equipment compiles with the necessary standards and that all required documentation and testing.

AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVE

Authorized representatives or the agents that works locally on the behalf of foreign manufacturers can apply for ETA (Equipment Type Approval) certificate. These representatives are responsible for the submission of all necessary documents, and liaise with the ETA (Equipment Type Approval) on the behalf of manufacturing company. They make sure that the equipment is tested and certified according to the Indian standards.

DOCUMENTS REQUIRED FOR ETA (EQUIPMENT TYPE APPROVAL) CERFTIFICATE

Among the various documents required for ETA (Equipment Type Approval) certification the primary documents are described as under: –

APPLICATION FORM

The companies are entitled to fill out the ETA (Equipment Type Approval) form correctly with all the information as per provided by the WPC (Wireless planning and coordination).

TECHNICAL DOCUMENTATION

Secondly all the technical documents are submitted to the WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) and these technical documents include

1. SPECIFICATION SHEET: - this include the detailed specification of the equipment to be sold which include frequency range, power output, modulation type, and other relevant parameters.

2. CIRCUIT DIAGRAM: - WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) requires an internal circuit diagram of the devices

3. USER MANUAL: - A comprehensive user manual or operational guide of the equipment is to be submitted to the WPC (Wireless planning and coordination).

TEST REPORTS

Test reports are to be submitted to the WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) so that they can process the documentation ahead for the ETA (Equipment Type Approval) certification and the tests include

1. RF TEST REPORT: - A RF (Radio Frequency) test report is required by the WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) from a WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) accredited laboratory, demonstrating compliance with all the relevant technical standards and frequency bands.

2. SAFETY TEST REPORTS: -Test reports stating that the product meets all the safety standards such as the electromagnetic radiation, electrical safety and environmental standards are provided by the company to the WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) for verification.

COMPLIANCE DOCUMENTS

1. DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY: WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) requires a signed declaration by the manufacturer or importer stating that the equipment they are about to sell in the markets conforms to the applicable standards and regulations and is safe to be sold in the market.

2. COMPLIANCE CERTIFICATE: - If applicable the WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) requires all the relevant certificates of the standard organisation (such as ISO, IEC)

COMPANY DOCUMENTS

One of the most important and relevant documents required by the WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) are the company documents which includes

1. COMPANY REGISTRATION: - WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) requires the proof of the registration of the company which is applying for ETA (Equipment Type Approval) certificate for there product to be sold in the market.

2. AUTHORIZATION LETTER: - WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) ask for a letter of authorization from the applicant if he is submitting the application on the behalf of manufacturer or the importer.

IMPORT DOCUMENTS (IF APPLICABLE)

1. INVOICE: - WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) requires the commercial invoice for the product imported for the sale in Indian market

2. BILL OF ENTRY: - WPC (Wireless planning and coordination) also requires a copy of the bill of entry for the imported equipment sold in the market.

FEE RECEIPT

A proof of the payment made for the application fees for the ETA (Equipment Type Approval) certification process is submitted to the WPC (Wireless planning and coordination).

FREQUENCY LIST WHICH REQUIRES WPC (WIRELESS PLANNING AND COORDINATION)- ETA (EQUIPMENT TYPE APPROVAL) CERTIFICATE APPROVAL IN INDIA IS AS UNDER: -


    UNLICENSED FREQUENCY RANGES IN INDIAAPPLICATION/SPECIFICATIONS
    50-200 kHzVery low power devices
    13553-13567 kHzVery low power radio frequency devices, indoor only
    26.957 MHz-27.283 MHzLow power wireless equipment (max. Effective Radiated Power of 5, watts)
    335 MHzLow power wireless equipment for the remote control of cranes
    402-405 MHzMedical RF wireless devices (max. radiated power of 25 microwatt) with channel emission band width within 300 kHz
    865-867 MHz• Low power wireless device (max transmitter power of 1 watt-4 watts Effective Radiated Power) with 200 kHz carrier band width
    • Radio Frequency Identification Devices (RFID) (MTP of 1 watt-4 watts ERP) with 200 kHz carrier band width
    2400 MHz-2483.5 MHzLow power wireless equipment (e.g. Wi-Fi) (max. transmitter output power of 1 watt-4 watts ERP) with spectrum spread of 10 MHz or higher
    5150 MHz-5350 MHzLow power equipment for Wireless Access Systems (max. mean Effective Isotropic Radiated Power of 200 mW and max. mean Effective Isotropic Radiated Power density of 10 mW/M Hz in any 1 MHz bandwidth) indoor only
    5725 MHz-5825 MHzLow power equipment for Wireless Access Systems (MMELRP of 200 mW and MM EIRP density of 10 mW/M Hz in any 1 MHz bandwidth) indoor only
    5825 MHz- 5875 MHzLow power equipment (MTOP of 1 watt-4 watts ER Power) with spectrum spread of 10 MHz or higher